Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to the Coronavirus
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Lakeland Behavioral Health System to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Lakeland Behavioral Health System.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Dementia Effects, Signs & Symptoms

Understanding Dementia

Learn About Dementia

Dementia is the progressive loss of mental functions like memory, thinking, and reasoning abilities that are severe enough to impact an individual’s ability to function in daily life. Dementia is not a single disease, rather it is a group of symptoms caused by a number of conditions, some of which may be treatable. Many individuals who have dementia experience personality and behavioral changes. Dementia occurs when areas of the brain involved in learning, decision-making, language, and memory are affected by one or more infections, conditions, or diseases. While often used interchangeably, Alzheimer’s disease may be the most common cause for dementia, but there are upwards of 50 other known causes for dementia to occur.

Some memory loss is common as we age, however, the memory loss associated with dementia is not considered to be normal. Dementia was once considered to be a normal part of aging, however it is not normal. As some types of dementia can be partially treated or managed, it is vital that a prompt and thorough evaluation is performed by a physician who specializes in dementia. This will allow for the greatest likelihood of success in the management and care of those struggling with dementia.


Dementia Statistics

Dementia may not be a normal part of aging, but the number of individuals struggling with dementia is growing. The number of people living worldwide with dementia is estimated to be about 35.6 million, which is expected to double by 2030 and more than triple by 2050. One in every three senior adults will die from Alzheimer’s disease or another form of dementia. Alzheimer’s is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States and currently over 5 million people are living with this disease.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and Risk Factors for Dementia

Dementia is caused by damage of the nerve cells of the brain, which can occur in different areas of the brain. Dementia affects each person differently depending upon individual makeup and the area of the brain that is affected. Dementias are usually classified by their commonalities, area of the brain affected, and the disease course.

Progressive Dementias include:

  • Alzheimer’s disease: The most common cause of dementia in individuals over the age of 65, this disease is thought to be the result of damage to the brain caused by plaques and tangles that lead to a progressive pattern of declining cognitive abilities.
  • Frontotemporal dementia: This form of dementia is often found in younger individuals and is caused by the degeneration of nerve cells in the temporal and frontal areas of the brain.
  • Lewy body dementia: Affecting 10 to 22% of individuals with dementia, Lewy body dementia symptoms are caused by Lewy bodies – abnormal clumps of protein in the brain.
  • Vascular dementia: Vascular dementia is the second most common cause for dementia and is caused by brain damage due to reduced or impeded flow of blood to the brain – such as that seen in strokes.

Other Disorders Linked To Dementia include:

  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: This rare disease can be caused by exposure to diseased brain matter or inherited from a family member. Symptoms tend to appear around age 60.
  • HIV-associated dementia: HIV infection destroys brain matter and can lead to dementia.
  • Huntington’s disease: This fatal genetic disease causes wasting of the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord and tends to appear in younger individuals – between ages 30 and 40.
  • Secondary dementia: Individuals who have movement disorders or other conditions may develop dementia as a part of their disease process.
  • Traumatic brain injury: Repetitive or single head trauma can lead to injury of the brain. When this injury to the brain occurs in specific areas of the brain, it can lead to dementia.
  • Infections and immune disorders: Dementia may be the result of side effects of the body’s immune response to infections such as meningitis or encephalitis.
  • Medication reactions: Some individuals may experience dementia symptoms as a result of taking a single medication or a combination of medications.
  • Metabolic problems and endocrine abnormalities: Individuals who have thyroid abnormalities, hypoglycemia, or improper balance of sodium or calcium in their blood may develop dementia.
  • Normal-pressure hydrocephalus: Enlarged ventricles in the brain can lead to problems with memory.
  • Subdural hematoma: A bleed in the brain can lead to symptoms of dementia. When the swelling and bleeding have gone down, the symptoms of dementia may abate if permanent damage did not occur.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms of Dementia

The symptoms of dementia will vary greatly based upon type of dementia, course of the disease progression, and individual makeup. The most common symptoms of dementia include the following:

  • Loss of memory
  • Loss of interest in once-pleasurable activities
  • Inability to form new short-term memories
  • Trouble finding the right words
  • Getting lost in familiar areas
  • Misplacing personal items
  • Personality changes
  • Loss of social skills
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Difficulties recalling events
  • Difficulties recognizing people
  • Trouble exercising judgment
  • Challenges controlling moods or behaviors
  • Aggression
  • Decreased personal hygiene
  • Challenges communicating
  • Difficulties with planning and organizing
  • Disorientation
  • Loss of reasoning abilities
  • Inappropriate behaviors
  • Difficulties completing complex tasks
  • Paranoia
  • Agitation


Effects of Dementia

The long-term effects of dementia can lead to an inability to carry out even the most routine daily activities. Long-term effects of dementia may include:

  • Improper nutrition
  • Inability to chew or swallow
  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • Decreased appetite
  • Forgetting to eat or drink
  • Depression
  • Constipation
  • Inability to independently dress, bathe, or toilet
  • Difficulties in taking medications
  • Violence
  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Lack of inhibitions
  • Disorientation
  • Difficulties recalling names of people and things
  • Trouble understanding others
  • Isolation
  • Delusions
  • Deficits in ability to remain safe
  • Reduced decision-making abilities
  • Falls
  • Difficulties navigating environment
  • Injuries from falls
  • Infections
  • Death

Marks of Quality Care
  • Arkansas Juvenile Officers Association
  • Better Business Bureau (BBB)
  • Missouri Hospital Association
  • Missouri Juvenile Justice Association
  • National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)
  • The Joint Commission (JCAHO) Gold Seal of Approval
  • Tricare
  • The Jason Foundation

When my mom was diagnosed with dementia, the entire family felt lost and overwhelmed. We turned to Lakeland Behavioral Health, who was able to provide her with the resources and tools necessary to treat her dementia with the HOPE program. We are more at ease now thanks to the knowledgeable staff at Lakeland.

– John S.